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Canada's inflation rate slows and bolsters bets on early rate cut

Published 2024-02-20, 09:30 a/m
Updated 2024-02-20, 12:54 p/m
© Reuters. A volunteer sorts through donated canned goods at the Ottawa Food Bank warehouse in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada October 27, 2022. REUTERS/Julie Gordon

By Promit Mukherjee and Ismail Shakil

OTTAWA (Reuters) -Canada's annual inflation rate slowed significantly more than expected to 2.9% in January and core price measures also eased, data showed on Tuesday, bringing forward bets for an early interest rate cut.

It was the first time in seven months that headline inflation has dipped below 3%. That prompted money markets to hike bets for a rate cut in April to as much as a 58% chance from a 33% chance before the figures were published.

The January inflation figure "will certainly raise the odds on an April rate cut," said Karl Schamotta, chief market strategist at Corpay.

The Bank of Canada's next policy announcement is March 6, and expectations are that rates will stay on hold. Analysts polled by Reuters had forecast inflation to tick down to 3.3% from 3.4% in December.

Month-over-month, the consumer price index was unchanged, compared with a forecast of a 0.4% rise, Statistics Canada said.

The Bank of Canada targets inflation at 2%. Two of the Bank of Canada's (BoC) three core measures of underlying inflation also edged down. CPI-median slowed to 3.3%, lowest since November 2021, while CPI-trim decreased to 3.4%, lowest since August 2021.

The three-month annualized rate of the combined figures decelerated to 3.2% in January from 3.6% in the prior month, Tiago Figueiredo, an economist at Desjardins Group, said in a note.

With inflation easing while the key overnight rate remains at a 22-year high of 5%, the BoC last month said its thinking has shifted to how long they must stay at the current level. At the same time, it did not completely rule out another rate hike, citing persistence in underlying inflation.

"The key takeaway here is that Bank of Canada can seriously consider cutting rates," Doug Porter, chief economist at BMO (TSX:BMO) Capital Markets.

The BoC has projected headline inflation to remain around 3% in the first half of 2024, before cooling down to 2.5% by the end of the year.

The central bank had said last month that while high interest rates have helped to bring down red-hot prices, which touched a peak of 8.1% in June 2022, categories including shelter costs have fed underlying pressures.

Shelter price inflation accelerated to 6.2% in January from 6% in December. Rental inflation continued to show upward momentum and accelerated 7.9% in January from 7.7% in December.

Excluding shelter, inflation is running at 1.5% annually, Tu Nguyen, economist with accounting & consultancy firm RSM Canada said, adding if this trend continues, the central bank might start cutting rates in April.

The Bank should not focus on housing costs when setting rates because they are likely to keep rising, Nguyen said.

Some economists still see the first rate cut in June.

"The Bank of Canada will likely remain cautious in the face of still-strong wage gains, firm services prices, and the reality that core inflation is still holding above 3%," said Porter from BMO.

Economists Nathan Janzen and Abbey Xu from RBC (TSX:RY) said the BoC would wait for firmer signs of easing inflation, and they expect first rate cuts at mid-year.

Food inflation cooled to 3.9% last month from 5% in December. Prices of store-bought food rose 3.4% - the slowest pace since August 2021 - also putting downward pressure on headline inflation.

Excluding volatile food and energy, prices rose 3.1% compared with a 3.4% rise in December.

© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: People shop for fruits and vegetables at a supermarket in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada , March 27, 2023. REUTERS/Patrick Doyle/File Photo

The Canadian dollar reversed an early morning trend and weakened 0.28% to 1.3530 against the U.S. dollar at 1515 GMT. The two-year government bond yield dropped 1.6 basis points to 4.141%.

The largest contributor to headline deceleration in January was lower gasoline prices, which fell 4% on an annual basis, Statscan said. Month-over-month, gasoline prices fell 0.9%, marking the fifth consecutive monthly decrease.


Latest comments

Looking for cpi down to 1.x in the middle of 2024
imagine having a brain that believes this garbage news while paying more for everything...sure sure inflation is down
Current inflation is falling but it won’t reverse the gains of the past 12 months, they are embedded.
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